Different subject disciplines use different citation styles. This section will focus on how to make references in APA (American Psychological Association) style.
How to cite APA style? Watch this ~ 4 min 30sec video and see!
|Photography provides the model for modern technoscientific vision (Garlick, 2009), ...|
|A smartphone might consume up to 15Mbps downstream ("Can can you," 2013)...|
Can can you you hear hear me me now now? (2013, April 13). Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/babbage/2013/04/voice-quality
Garlick, S. (2009). Given time: Biology, nature and photographic vision. History of the Human Sciences, 22(5), 81-101.
Kelly, M. (2013). Living in an era of technology revolution. Electronics World, 119(1924), 42-43.
HKUST Library Guide: How to Cite in APA Style - comprehensive guide on how to cite different sources in APA style.
Bynum, W. F. (2012). The M-factor: A little history of science. New Haven : Yale University Press.
In text reference = (Bynum, 2012)
Wei, J. (2012). Great inventions that changed the world. Hoboken, N.J. : John Wiley & Sons.
In text reference = (Wei, 2012)
Article or Chapter in a Book
Neves, J., & Pinheiro, L. D. (2012). Cyberbullying: A Sociological Approach. In (Ed.), Ethical Impact of Technological Advancements and Applications in Society (pp. 132-142). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
In-text reference= (Neves & Pinheiro, 2012)
Journal Article - 1 author
Weissman, I. (2012). Stem cell therapies could change medicine... if they get the chance. Cell Stem Cell, 10(6), 663-665.
In-text reference = (Weissman, 2012)
E-Journal Article – more than 1 authors & d.o.i.
Ding, H. T., Suet, F. L., Tanusina, S. P., Low, C. G., & Ker, G. C. (2011). Dependency on smartphone and the impact on purchase behaviour. Young Consumers, 12(3), 193-203. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17473611111163250
In-text reference= (Ding et al., 2011)
Magazine Article on the Web
Grossman, L. (2010, December 15). Mark Zuckerberg - Person of the Year 2010 - TIME. Retrieved from http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2036683_2037183,00.html?artId=2036683?contType=article?chn=specials
In-text Reference = (Grossman, 2010)
Newspaper Article on the Web
Gray, R. (2009, Mar 13). Top 10 'inventions' that changed the world. The Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/4981964/Top-10-inventions-that-changed-the-world.html
In-text reference = (Gray, 2009)
Disruptive innovation. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved October 11, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disruptive_innovation
In-text reference = ("Disruptive innovation," n.d.)
Government Report on the Web
President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. (2013). Designing a Digital Future: Federally Funded Research and Development in Networking and Information Technology.. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/pcast-nitrd2013.pdf
In-text Reference = (President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 2013)
Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
In-text reference = (Author, year)
If the user’s real name is not available, include only the screen name, without brackets:
In-text reference = (Bloomberg, 2013)